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Pilot studies

Following a first period of fact-finding for a catalogue of non-native species present in Puglia, on the basis of bibliographic/documentary analyses and/or prior studies, a total of 50 species have been identified as being of priority here. For these, we have proceeded to the production of full profiles containing the following: characteristics, invasivity, ingression and localisation. Click HERE to open the document in pdf format of all 50 profiles.


Monitoring protocol for macro-categories

Comprises for each macro-category (land plants, freshwater plants, marine plants, free-moving and static land animals, freshwater animals, marine animals): monitoring operations, with defined methods, variables to be measured, timescales, sampling frequency, the human resources necessary, equipment, costs and objectives.


Detailed monitoring plan with relevant action plan regarding Callinectes sapidus (colloquially the blue crab).

Monitoring and containment plans for the species Callinectes sapidus in the brackish lakes of Lesina and Varano, situated in the western part of the Gargano peninsula.


Monitoring plan in detail with relevant action plan regarding Opuntia spp. (colloquially prickly pear)

Monitoring and containment/eradication plans for Opuntia spp. On the Tremiti Islands.


Detailed monitoring plan with relevant action plan regarding Carpobrotus edulis, Micropterus salmoides, Trachemys scripta.

Action plan referred to Carpobrotus edulis known as the edible Hottentots fig.


Action plan related to Micropterus salmoides, known as largemouth bass, within the Ofanto River Regional Natural Park.


Action plan related to Trachemys scripta, known as American pond turtle, within the Torre Guaceto State Nature Reserve.


Botanical analysis

Pilot Action 1

It contains the analysis of the terrestrial floristic-vegetational component and in situ conservation in the area of ​​pilot action 1 and ex situ in the Germplasm Bank of plant entities of conservation interest.

Report of in situ and ex situ conservation actions

Monographic files of plant entities of conservation interest


Data collection on the biodiversity of marine and transitional ecosystems

Contains the study of geographic distribution of circalittoral zone biotic (coral) reefs, and studies of life assemblages from semi-dark and dark caves located in the following areas: Polignano a Mare, Monopoli, Fasano and Ostuni.The analyses carried out in the Small Sea of Taranto address the faunal composition of the benthic zone, and the distribution of these fauna within the Tarantine seabeds.



Agrobiodiversity analysis

Pilot Action 1. Fact-finding analysis

Comprising state-of-the-art analysis of traditionally cultivated vegetable species in the pilot areas of this project, by way of bibliographic historic and documentary analyses and/or foregoing studies and field surveys, also with reference to studies actioned by the Puglian Regional Department of Agriculture and Rural and Environmental Development under PSR (Regional Development Plan) Puglia 2014-2020 – clause 10.2.1 – Projects for the Valuation and Conservation of Genetic Resources in Agriculture

Report 1

Report 2

Report 3

Report 4

Report 5


Pilot Action 1. Fact-finding analysis

Comprising fact-finding analysis for the presence of damaging invasive insects and of Philaenus spumarius (L.) in Pilot Area 2 of the BEST project, and the monitoring plan to be carried out, aimed at the identification and sampling of the “meadow spittlebug” (Philaenus spumarius) and vectors of Xylella fastidiosa, of the whitefly Aleurocanthus spiniferus, and of the psyllid Macrohomotoma gladiata

Report 1

Report 2

Report 3

Sampling schedule


Monitoring network

Coastal dynamic analysis

Contains (firstly) the definition of the monitoring network for observation and measurement of various environmental parameters relevant to the safeguarding of biodiversity and ecosystems, and (secondly) the definition of the decision-supporting system.


Report 1

Cartographic tables

Report 2

Report 3

It contains the update of the cognitive framework of the coastal stretch of analysis, the characterization of marine weather forcing, morphological and sedimentological analysis, the definition of structural and environmental criticalities and possible effects on habitats aimed at identifying the types of intervention, structural and managerial character.

Report 1

Report 2

Report 3 – Planning document


12 and 14 July 2022

It contains the document of the seminars organized with the aim of enriching the knowledge of the participants on the subject of climate change and the effects on biodiversity, also with reference to the objectives and activities of the BEST project and the guidelines of the Interreg Greece-Italy programme.

Seminar Report of 12.07.22 

Video seminar 12.07.2022 

Seminar Report of 14.07.22  2

Video seminar 14.07.2022 


TU 1

The protection of biodiversity: objectives, evolution, results.

20 and 22 September 2022

The teaching unit analyzes the objectives of biodiversity protection at an international, community, national and regional level, through a critical analysis of the related regulations and/or strategies. Particular emphasis is given to protection tools such as “protected areas” and “Natura 200 Network”, with a focus on those present in the Puglia Region.

Video 20.09.2022

Seminar Report of 20.09.22  

Video 22.09.2022

Seminar Report of 22.09.22  


TU 2

Ecological foundations

27 and 29 September 2022

The teaching unit analyzes the objectives of biodiversity protection at an international, community, national and regional level, through a critical analysis of the related regulations and/or strategies. Particular emphasis is given to protection tools such as “protected areas” and “Natura 200 Network”, with a focus on those present in the Puglia Region.

Video 27.09.2022

Seminar Report of 27.09.22  

Video 29.09.2022

Seminar Report of 29.09.22  


Genetics at the service of biodiversity

4 and 6 October 2022

The seminar is designed to illustrate how biological diversity can be analyzed and defined at the genetic level by initially providing basic concepts of molecular biology useful for understanding the topic.

Video 04.10.2022

Seminar Report of 04.10.2022  

Video 06.10.2022


TU 3

Application of environmental regulations: EIA and VAS

10 and 11 October 2022

The teaching unit deals with topics such as:purpose of assessments on the “biodiversity” component in environmental assessments;the EIA: regulatory framework – Elements to be assessed and related methods; the SEA: regulatory framework – Elements to be assessed and related methods; skills required for the preparation of studies in the context of the various procedures; relationships between the different procedures.

Video 10.10.2022

Seminar Report of 11.10.2022  

Video 11.10.2022

Seminar Report of 10.10.2022  


TU 4

The framework of knowledge

October 17, 2022

The many interpretations that constitute the foundations of the Natura 2000 network were introduced in the teaching unit: the European protection network is based on two fundamental pillars: protection of species and creation of sites where these species can have positive future prospects.

Video 17.10.2022

Seminar Report of 17.10.2022  


TU 5

VINCA insight

18 and 25 October 2022

This section analyzes the reference legislation and the environmental authorization procedure for the assessment of environmental impact (VINCA), with reference to that qualification that concerns any plan, programme, project, intervention or activity, such as to have significant impacts on a site o proposed site of the c.d. “Natura 2000” network, individually or jointly with other plans and projects and taking into account the conservation objectives of the site itself, and belongs to the category of environmental authorization procedures, and, like some of those previously listed, has a community “matrix”, constituted by the provisions of the “Habitats” Directive (92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992), concerning the “conservation of natural and semi-natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna”.

Seminar Report 18.10.2022

Video 18.10.2022  

Seminar Report 25.10.2022

Video 25.10.2022


TU 6

Management of protected areas: overview

November 8, 2022

The protection of the natural landscape today represents a highly topical issue mainly due to the latest trends that underline the importance of environmental protection as an essential condition for guaranteeing the conservation of the territory and ecological balance for present and future generations.

Seminar Report



TU 7

Case studies: insights into specific areas

10 and 25 November 2022

With a direct link to the previous section, this teaching unit deals with specific cases of activities, actions, initiatives carried out within protected areas relating to good practices and measures on the management of habitats and species, especially of conservation and/or management interest.

Seminar Report 10.11.2022

Video 10.11.2022

Seminar Report 25.11.2022

Video 25.11.2022


TU 8

Governance tools and surveillance procedures

29 November and 1 December 2022

Governance models: PA sector legislation, program agreements, territorial pacts, administrative contracts, state of planning at the local scale, new options and operational strategies to support ecosystem approaches Shared governance: public goods and goods of public interest, management of areas protected with reference to Nature Based Solutions. Conservation contracts and management contracts. Conventions, agreements and partnerships.

Implementation and application: scenarios formulated at national level through specific designs, examination of past experiences and innovations of today’s phases.

Control and monitoring: virtuous paths and successes, critical issues and failures. Good practices: documented cases

Applicable legislation and sanctions: regulated activities, verification of infractions and violations, types of corrective measures. Surveillance techniques and tools: involvement of service personnel, relations with the world of volunteering, remote controls, technologies, privacy issues. Methods of application for control: costs and benefits in both an economic and social sense and repression of violations.

Seminar Report 


TU 9

Management of agricultural activities and protection of biodiversity

6 and 13 December 2022

Starting from the “Pan-European Conference on Agriculture and Biodiversity”, held in Paris in June 2002, the didactic unit will focus on the study and analysis of agricultural areas with high naturalistic value (High Nature Value Farming), of the need of biodiversity protection of species of agronomic interest and of the positive effects that sustainable management of agronomic practices have with respect to the extreme effects of climate change. In fact, if on the one hand agriculture is a sector particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and requires the timely definition of adaptation strategies, on the other it can play a fundamental role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and can contribute significantly to mitigation strategies, such as carbon storage in soils. In this regard, some case studies will be illustrated relating to measures and good practices in sustainable agriculture and the main instruments at national and European level will be presented, from the current ones to the new objectives of the National Strategic Plan of the CAP 2023-2027.

Seminar Report 


Urban biodiversity

22 and 24 November 2022

Starting from the flora, fauna and problematic species that inhabit towns, cities, metropolises, cases and examples of possible conservation and expansion strategies of areas with high biodiversity in cities will be reviewed: urban farms, urban hydroculture, green architecture, woods verticals, green walls, floating gardens, roof gardens, ecological corridors and creation of networks between parks and gardens. Particular cases of recent and futuristic urban design will also be examined, as well as discussions with learners on the prototype of the city of the future, biodiversity and the challenges ahead. In particular, the following will be examined:
the case of Fujisawa, Kanagawa southwest of Tokyo;
the case of Masdar City (near Abu Dhabi) and the study on the mega-city of Neom (Saudi Arabia);
the Floating Islands of French Polynesia – Artisanopolis and the SuperEva project;
the case of the small Italian/Apulian towns and how they could become sustainable models of human-nature coexistence over time with high levels of biodiversity protection in the trait d’union between the most man-made part and the immediately adjacent rural part.

Seminar Report 22.11.2022

Video 22.11.2022

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